Fatawa Archives



Fatwa No: 125018
What is the latest time to pray Isha? (after what time is isha considered Qada - after midnight or after Fajr? If it is recommended to delay the isha prayer, how much should someone delay it?  
We thank you for your question. Of the Muslim scholars there are those who maintain that the prescribed time of ‘Isha’ prayer is until midnight based on the apparent and meaning of the statement of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him): {The time of the 'Isha' (night) prayer is up to midnight.} (Narrated by Muslim). However, the majority of scholars maintain that this is the time of ikhtiyar (choice, preference and without any constriction). As for the time of permissibility, it extends to the breaking and rising of dawn, but this is deemed disliked for person who does not have an excuse. Al-Imam al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) says in his commentary of Muslim: [The statement of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him): {When you pray ‘Isha’, then it is a time until midnight}, it means: it is a time for its performance based ikhtiyar (i.e. choice, preference and without any constriction). As for the time of permissibility, then it extends until the rise of the second dawn because of the hadith of Abu Qatadah which Muslim mentions after this in the Chapter: Whoever forgets a prayer or sleeps missing in, then there is no negligence in the case of having slept (missing prayer in the process). Negligence is in the case of someone who does not pray (whilst being awake) until the time of the next prayer enters]. The hadith of Abu Qatadah in Muslim is long, but the part adduced as evidence for the point being made is where the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) says: {There is no negligence in the case of having slept (missing prayer in the process), rather negligence is in the case of  someone who does not pray (whilst being awake) until the time of the next prayer enters. If any one of you does that (i.e. forgets a prayer or sleeps and misses it), let him pray it when he remembers it, and when it is (the prayer of) the following day, then let him pray the prayer in its (normal) prescribed time.}. Al-Imam al-Nawawi says in his commentary on this hadith: [in this hadith there is proof indicating that the prescribed time of each of the five prayers extends and goes until the prescribed time for the next prayer has entered. This is continuous in its generality to all the prayers except Subh (Fajr), for its prescribed time does not extend to Zuhr, rather its prescribed time ends with sunrise, due to the divergent meaning that is inferred from the statement of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him): {"He who catches a Rak‘ah of the Fajr prayer before the sun rises, has offered the Fajr prayer in its (prescribed) time}]. Hence, based on the aforementioned, it is disliked to delay ‘Isha’ prayer until after midnight, that is, it is permissible but disliked to pray ‘Isha’ prayer after midnight until the rise of dawn without a valid reason, and Allah knows best.
Fatwa No: 124994
Is "NIKKAH "can be done by using Video Call or telephonic call if Bride and Groom are not Physically at same country.Is it Halaal.Bcz of Current Corona issue.
All Praise belongs to Allah, the Lord of all the Worlds and may His peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and all his Family and Companions. Dear Brother,   The marriage contract through videoconferencing is permissible if the personal meeting is not possible and on terms: 1- Offer and acceptance in a clear voice.2- Verifying the identity of the spouses and the guardian (the father of the wife)3- Two trustworthy witnesses should attend. 4- Getting approval from the competent authorities on this contract.
Fatwa No: 124988
i have a question that , i can pray in the time of adhan . like fajar time 4:52 . i can pray this time or i should wait untill the adhan finish ? please help me.
All Praise belongs to Allah, the Lord of all the Worlds and may His peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and all his Family and Companions. Dear Questioner, We ask Allah, the Most High, that He always preserves you and blesses you in all affairs of your life. We thank you for contacting us.  Provided the adhan takes place at the correct time marking the onset of the time of prayer, then it is permissible to pray whilst the adhan is happening but it is better to wait till it finishes and to repeat the adhan and make dua as the Prophet instructed us. This is in accordance with what is narrated in both Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih al-Muslim, wherein it is narrated from the hadeeth of Abu Sa‘eed al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “When you hear the muezzin, say what he says.” In Sahih al-Bukhaari it is narrated from Jabir ibn ‘Abd-Allah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: Whoever says when he hears the call to prayer, ‘Allaahummah Rabba haadhihi’l-da’wat il-taammah wa’l-salaat il-qaa’imah, aati Muhammadan al-waseelata wa’l-fadeelah, wab’athhu maqaaman mahmoodan alladhi wa’adtahu (O Allaah, Lord of this perfect Call and the Prayer to be offered, grant Muhammad the privilege and also the eminence, and resurrect him to the praised position that You have promised), will be granted my intercession on the Day of Resurrection.” And Allah knows best.
Fatwa No: 124729
Is permanent birth control allowed in Islam?
Thank you for contacting us. We ask Allah to grant you pious and righteous offspring. When both husband and wife agree to delay having children due to temporary, objective and reasonable circumstances, then there is no objection in that. What is not permissible in this regard is using that which terminates reproduction and prevents having offspring completely. The learned scholar, al-Nafrawi (may Allah have mercy on him) says in his book “al-Fawakih al-Dwani”: (… it is not permissible for a person to use that which cuts off (terminates) having offspring or reduces it). In fact, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) urge his community (ummah) to multiply in numbers, for it is stated in the Musnad (of Ahmad) and the various Sunan collections that: {Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) used to command us to marry and sternly forbid celibacy and say, "Marry women who are loving (due to their good characteristics), productive in bearing children, for I shall outnumber the Prophets with your multitudes on the Day of Resurrection."}. What is crucial is that the husband and wife do not make their decision with respect to birth control except on the basis of proper perception, insight and clear vision, for in the final analysis Allah Almighty is the Ultimate Provider and Sustainer, the Possessor of Power, the Almighty. Furthermore, increasing the numbers of the members of a good and wholesome society is an essential factor of power and productivity, and Allah knows best.
Fatwa No: 124586
Is downloading pirated books which are copyrighted for educational purposes such as books on forex trading and stock trading halal. Also lectures and videos from torrent website for educational purposes which are available for free there but are for sale on original author website halal. Also if personal use of book is allowed of pirated books if i have to implement it in practical life can i do this that first i read the book but then if i think i have to implement the book in practical life after reading i would purchase it. Keeping in mind that in my country amazon doesn't deliver books mostly and if it does the shipping price is so high that it is totally unaffordable and the books are not available in my home country Pakistan and i am not even rich enough to buy those books
May Allah give you every good. We ask Allah to bless you and to protect you. Thank you for your question, we answer it as follows: If the books you downloaded has copyrights, and the site from which you downloaded these books violates these copyrights, then you should not use this website nor download the books. You should purchase the books from its owners, in order to preserve intellectual property rights. Trade names, trademarks, copyright and patents are other similar property rights identify material which belong exclusively to their owners. In modern times this may include work they have done that has come to have a considerable financial value. So these rights are recognized according to Islamic law, and they should not be violated. The better thing to do is to contact the authors and publishers which produced the material and tell them of your situation and request a discount, or ask them for permission to make copies give them an appropriate price. Allah knows best.
Fatwa No: 122204
What are the good deeds that are recommended in the first ten days of Dhu al-Hijjah?
      Assalamu ‘alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh May Allah bless you, accept your and our good deeds on these great and blessed days, and we thank you for contacting us. The ten days of Dhul-Hijjah a great and blessed days and enjoy a prestige and privilege that the rest of the days of the year do not. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: {The best days in this world are the ten days} (Narrated by al-Bazzar on the authority of Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah), meaning, the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah. The reason that the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah enjoy this prestige and privilege is the fact that the fundamental and major forms of Islamic worship are gathered together in them such as hajj, fasting, prayer, giving charity, benevolence, recitation of Qur’an, remembering Allah, the Most Merciful (al-Rahman), supplicating and appealing to Allah, the Bestower of Bounty (al-Mannan), repenting and seeking forgiveness from sin and disobedience (‘isyan), attaining closeness to Allah through offering and sacrifice (qurban). Deeds performed during these days are the most beloved and most pleasing deeds to Allah, Most High, and the most pristine, purest and greatest in reward. Al-Bukhari narrates on the authority of ‘Abdullah, son of ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them both) that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: {“There are no days during which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these,”}. Abu Dawud and IbnMajah narrate this initial part with the following wording: {“There are no days during which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these days,” meaning the (first) ten days of Dhul- Hijjah.} Al-Tirmidhi narrates this initial part with the following wording: {“There are no days during which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these ten days,”}. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) also said based on what al-Darimi has narrated: {The there is no deed purer and more pristine to Allah Almighty nor more greatly rewarded than a good deed performed in the (first) ten days of al-Adha}. Because of the greatness and magnificence of these ten days, Allah Most High swears by them, saying: {… and by the Ten Nights …} (Qur’an 89:1-2). The learned scholar and Qur’an commentator, Ibn Kathir (may Allah have mercy on him) says in his explanation of this verse: [“the Ten Nights” refers to the (first) ten days of Dhul-Hijjah,  as asserted by Ibn ‘Abbas, Ibn al-Zubayr, Mujahid and others among the early and later generations (salaf and khalaf). It has been confirmed in Sahih Al-Bukhari on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas who relates to the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him): {“There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these days,” meaning the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah. …}] They are also the appointed days (ayyam ma‘lumat) in which it is recommended to remember Allah and invoke His Name abundantly and are singled out for this purpose specifically from among all the days of the year. Allah Most High says: {And announce the pilgrimage to humanity. They will come to you on foot, and on every transport. They will come from every distant point’ that they may witness the benefits for themselves, and (that they may) remember and invoke the name of Allah during the appointed days (ayyam ma‘lumat), …} (Qur’an 22: 27-28). Al-Imam al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) says in his book al-Adhkar (The Remembrances and Invocations): [(Chapter on the Invocations Concerning the First Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah) Allah Most High says: { … and (that they may) remember and invoke the name of Allah during the appointed days (ayyam ma‘lumat), …} till the end of the verse (Qur’an 22: 28). ‘Abdullah, son of ‘Abbas, al-Shafi‘i and the majority (of scholars) say: ‘they are the Ten Days’; Know that it is recommended to make abundant dhikr (remembrance) of Allah during these ten days, more than any other days, and it is recommended that of that be made on the Day of ‘Arafah more than the rest of the ten days]. What also points to the greatness of these days are the Prophetic narrations concerning the excellence of the Day of ‘Arafah (Ninth day) and the Day of Sacrifice (Tenth Day): It has narrated on the authority of Abu Qatadah al-Ansari (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: {The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) was asked about fasting on the day of 'Arafa (9th of Dhu'I-Hijja), whereupon he said: It expiates the sins of the preceding year and the coming year.} (Narrated by Muslim). It has been narrated on the authority of ‘A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) who said: {The Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “There is no day when Allah sets free more servants from Hell than the Day of 'Arafa. He draws near, then praises them to the angels, saying: What do these want?”} (Narrated by Muslim). It has been narrated on the authority of “Abdullah ibn Qurt that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: {“The greatest day in Allah's sight is the day of sacrifice and next the day of resting”} (Narrated by Abu Dawud). It was narrated on the authority of ‘Abdullah, son ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with both of them): {On the Day of Nahr (10th of Dhul-Hijja), the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) stood in between the Jamarat during the Hajj which he performed and said, "This is the Day of the Greatest Pilgrimage (Yawm al-Hajj al-Akbar) (i.e. the Tenth of Dhul-Hijjah)."} (Narrated by al-Bukhari). The Day of Sacrifice is called the Day of the Greatest Pilgrimage (Yawm al-Hajj al-Akbar) because the most number of Hajj rituals and rites occur on this day, during which the pilgrims perform the following: pelting of Jamratul-‘Aqabah, sacrificing and slaughtering, shaving the head or cutting the hair short, circumambulation (tawaf), and ritual walking between al-Safa and al-Marwah (sa‘y). It was narrated from Uqbah bin Amir that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: {"The Day of Arafah and the Day of Sacrifice and the Days of al-Tashriq are our ‘Id, we the people of Islam, and they are days of eating and drinking."} (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi). From the aforementioned, the excellence, greatness and high status of the Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah should have become apparent, particularly, the Day of ‘Arafah and the Day of Sacrifice (al-Nahr), as well as the fact that righteous deeds performed during these days are beloved and pleasing to Allah than the rest of the days of the year, and Allah knows best.        
Fatwa No: 119150
عرفت من خلال الفتوى بالهاتف بأن المختار في مذهب المالكية في المسألة الآتية كالتالي: من صام 30 يوما في بلد ما ، ثم سافر الى بلد آخر يصوم فيه الناس فليس عليه أن يصوم اليوم الحادي والثلاثين بل يفطر، فأرجوكم أن تأكدوا بأن فهمي صحيح وأن تفيدوني بمرجع ما لهذا الرأي من كتب الأئمة المالكية.
فبارك الله فيك ووفقك: إذا ثبتت الرؤية في بلد كالشام مثلا لزم الصوم جميع البلدان، على مشهور مذهب المالكية إلا إذا تباعدت البلدان جدا، قال العلامة العدوي رحمه الله في حاشيته على الخرشي (وعم الحكم بوجوب الصوم كل منقول إليه أي: من سائر البلاد قريبا، أو بعيدا ولا يراعى في ذلك اتفاق المطالع ولا عدمه ولا مسافة القصر). وفي مواهب الجليل للحطاب، عن ابن عبدالبر: (وأجمعوا على عدم لحوق حكم رؤية ما بعد كالأندلس من خراسان).  والقول بعموم الرؤية ليس مذهب المالكية وحدهم بل هو مذهب أكثر الفقهاء، ولا فرق في ذلك بين أول الشهر وآخره.  وبناء عليه: فمتى ثبتت الرؤية في بلد وصام فيه شخص ثلاثين يوما ثم انتقل إلى بلد آخر وأُعلن ثبوت رؤية الهلال في البلد الذي سافر منه فإنه يفطر معهم وذلك أخذا بعموم الرؤية فلا يلزمه حكم البلد الذي انتقل إليه. لكن المعمول به في هذا العصر هو المذهب القائل باختلاف المطالع المعتمد على ما رواه مسلم في صحيحه، عن كريب، قال (استهلّ عليّ رمضانُ وأنا بالشام، فرأيت الهلال ليلة الجمعة، ثم قدمت المدينة في آخر الشهر، فسألني عبد الله بن عباس رضي الله عنهما، ثم ذكر الهلال فقال: متى رأيتم الهلال؟ فقلت: رأيناه ليلة الجمعة فقال: أنت رأيته؟ فقلت: نعم، ورآه الناس، وصاموا وصام معاوية، فقال: "لكنا رأيناه ليلة السبت، فلا نزال نصوم حتى نكمل ثلاثين، أو نراه، فقلت: أَوَلَا تكتفي برؤية معاوية وصيامه؟ فقال: لا، هكذا أمرنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم). ولذلك فإن على الشخص المذكور - وأمثاله - أن لا يخالف ما جرى به العمل، وأَخَذَ به ولاة الأمر في البلد الذي هو فيه، بل عليه أن يتبع رؤية البلد الذي هو فيه في ابتداء الصوم أو انتهائه حتى لو صام هذا المنتقل: 31 يوما، أو صام 28 يوما، إلا أنه في حالة ما إذا صام 28 يوما فإن عليه قضاء يوم بعد العيد. والله تعالى أعلم.
Fatwa No: 118138
During last Ashra of Ramadan Itekaf is done in Mosques, as per current situation Mosques are closed, men can do Itekaf at home if yes it will be Nafil Itekaf or Sunnah? السؤال: في العشرة الأخيرة من رمضان يكون الاعتكاف في المساجد. وفي الوقت الحاضر المساجد مغلقة، فهل يجوز للرجال الاعتكاف في البيت، وإذا كان الجواب بنعم، فهل هو اعتكاف نفل أو مسنون؟ الجواب:  الاعتكاف بالنسبة للرجال لا يكون إلا في المساجد العامة وهذا بإجماع العلماء وأما المرأة فينظر: إن كان في البيت مسجد معد للصلاة فأكثر الفقهاء لا يرون صحة اعتكافها فيه ، وصحح الإمام أبو حنيفة وهو قول الشافعي القديم اعتكافها  فيه  واتخاذ مسجد في البيت سنة فقد حث الشرع على ذلك ، وتصلي فيه المرأة الفرائض والنوافل وأما الرجل فيصلي فيه النوافل، وقد قال الإمام البخاري في صحيحه ( باب: المساجد في البيوت). وروى الترمذي وأبوداود وغيرهما عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت: (أمر رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - ببناء المساجد في الدور وأن تنظف وتطيب) وبناء على الرأي القائل بجواز اعتكاف المرأة في مسجد بيتها فإنه لا حرج عليها من الاعتكاف فيه مع الالتزام بضوابط الاعتكاف كالبعد عن المباشرة مع زوجها وما إلى ذلك ما دامت تنوي الاعتكاف. وأما الرجال فلا يصح اعتكافهم في مساجد البيوت، وإنما يصح في المساجد العامة فقط ، قال العلامة الحافظ ابن عبد البر رحمه الله تعالى في الاستذكار: [وأجمعوا أنَّ الاعتكافَ لا يكون إلا في مسجدٍ]، وأكَّد العلامة المفسر القرطبي رحمه الله تعالى هذا الإجماع في الجامع لأحكام القرآن حيث قال: [ أجمع العلماء على أن الاعتكاف لا يكون إلا في المسجد ، لقول الله تعالى : في المساجد]، مشيرًا إلى قوله تعالى: {وَلَا تُبَاشِرُوهُنَّ وَأَنتُمْ عَاكِفُونَ فِي الْمَسَاجِدِ} [سورة البقرة: 187]. لكن بسبب الوضع الحالي فإنه لا يمكن الاعتكاف في المساجد، لكن المؤمن لا يحرم ثوابه وأجره لقوله صلى الله عليه وسلم: {إنَّمَا الْأَعْمَالُ بِالنِّيَّاتِ، وَإِنَّمَا لِكُلِّ امْرِئٍ مَا نَوَى ...}، فمن كانت عادته وقصده الاعتكاف في المسجد ولكنه لا يمكنه ذلك بسبب الوضع الحالي يؤجر على نيته لذلك، كما يؤجر أيضًا على امتثال الأوامر الرسمية والتوجيهات الطبية بهذا الخصوص لتفادي انتشار الأمراض والأسقام والأضرار عملًا بقول رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: (لا ضرر ولا ضرار). وعلى الرغم من أنه لا يمكنه الاعتكاف من حيث الصورة لكنه يمكنه أن يحيي روح الاعتكاف وهو عكوف القلب على الله تعالى ، ويحقق مقصده الأسمى مع من يسكن معه من أفراد عائلته من عمارة الوقت بالطاعات والعبادات من قيام الليل وتلاوة القرآن والإكثار من الذكر والدعاء والاستغفار واغتنام الفرص المواتية لفعل الخير وللتقرب من الله تعالى والتعرض لنفحاته فقد قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: {إِنَّ لِرَبِّكُمْ عزَّ وجلَّ فِي أَيَّامِ دَهْرِكُمْ نَفَحَاتٍ، فَتَعَرَّضُوا لَهَا، لَعَلَّ أَحَدَكُمْ أَنْ تُصِيبَهُ مِنْهَا نَفْحَةٌ لا يَشْقَى بَعْدَهَا أبدًا} [رواه الطبراني في الكبير]، وكل ذلك يمكن القيام به في البيت ولا يختص بالمساجد ولا سيما في هذه الأيام، وأكبر هذه الفرص قدرًا ورتبة ليلة القدر: قال الله سبحانه وتعالى: {لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِّنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ} (سورة القدر: 3) وقال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: { مَنْ صَامَ رَمَضَانَ إِيمَانًا وَاحْتِسَابًا غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ، وَمَنْ قَامَ لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ إِيمَانًا وَاحْتِسَابًا غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ } [متفق عليه]، أسأل الله العظيم أن يتقبل منا منك ومن جميع المسلمين صالح الأعمال من قيام الليل وصيام النهار إيمانًا واحتسابًا لوجه الله الكريم، والله أعلم.
Thank you for your question. I‘tikaf (spiritual retreat) can only be performed in a mosque according the general consensus of all the Muslim scholars. The learned scholar al-Hafiz Ibn Abd al-Barr (may Allah have mercy on his soul) says in his al-Isitdhkar: [They all agree unanimously that i‘tikaf only takes place in a mosque]. The learned scholar and Qur’anic commentator, al-Qurtubi (may Allah have mercy on his soul) repeats this general scholarly consensus in his al-Jami‘ li-Ahkam al-Qur’an: [the twenty-eighth issue: the scholars all agree unanimously that i‘tikaf only takes place in a mosque, due to the Statement of Allah Most High: “inside the mosques”] referring to where Allah Most High says in the Holy Qur’an: {But do not approach them (i.e. your wives) while you are in spiritual retreat (i‘tikaf) inside the mosques.} (Qur’an 2:187). However, because of the current situation spiritual retreat (i‘tikaf) inside the mosques is not possible. However, the Muslim believer is not deprived of its reward for the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him says: {Actions are (judged) by motives (niyyah), so each man will have what he intended.} (Narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim). So anyone whose habit and intention was to do i‘tikaf in the mosque but is unable to do so because of the current state of affairs will be rewarded for his intention. Likewise, he will also be rewarded for complying with the official orders and medical directives in this regard in order to avoid the spread of diseases, sicknesses and harm as a way of putting into practice the statement of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him): (Let there be no and no reciprocating of harm). Despite not being able to perform i‘tikaf in form, he should nevertheless try to revive its spirit and realize its noble purpose together with those he lives with such as his family members in terms of occupying one’s time with righteous and devotional works such as spending the night praying, reciting the Holy Qur’an, making lots of dhikr and du‘a’ and seeking abundant forgiveness, taking advantage of the ample opportunities to do goo and acquire nearness and proximity to Allah and exposing oneself to the cool breezes (spiritual gifts) coming from Allah, for the Prophet of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: {Indeed, to your Lord belong spiritual gifts that blow like cool breezes in the days throughout your lives, so expose yourselves to them, because perhaps one of these spiritual breezes (gifts) will descend upon on one of you, and he will never experience misery thereafter}. [Narrated by al-Tabarani in al-Mu‘jam al-Kabir). All of these things can be done at home, and are not specific to mosques particularly these days, and the greatest of these opportunities both in value and in rank is Laylat al-Qadr. Allah Most High says: {Laylat al-Qadr is better than a thousand months} (Qur’an 97:3). The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) says in a hadith: {Whoever fasted the month of Ramadan out of sincere Faith (i.e. belief) and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his past sins will be forgiven, and whoever stood for the prayers in the night of Laylat al-Qadr out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.} (Narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim). I ask Allah Almighty to accept from us and you and all the Muslims their good and righteous deeds, our fasting during the day and our prayers during the night out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah Most High, and Allah knows best.

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