I would to ask, Is it prohibited in Islam for playing LUDO Games & Carroms Games Waiting for your reply. thanks
Assalamu 'alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh, and thank you for your question.
It's a known fact that recreational games have multiplied in this day and age much more than before and with many different names and ways of playing them, and as such contemporary Muslim scholars have differed and disagreed on many of the rulings pertaining to these games. Due to the increased proliferation and excessive variation of modern games, it has become difficult to discuss each and every game individually and in isolation. To this end, we will suffice by providing certain rules and parameters through which to determine the Islamic legal ruling with respect to playing any of these games along the following lines:
(a) any game that comprises gambling is haram (prohibited) according to unanimous scholarly consensus (ijma'),
(b) if a game does comprise gambling, then it is divided into two categories:
The First Category: games for which there exists no Islamic text (Qur'an or Sunnah) prohibiting them; playing these games is not unlawful (haram) on condition that playing them is free from the properties on the basis of which Allah made al-maysir (gambling) unlawful, namely:
1- that these games be free from gambling,
2- that playing them does not lead to neglecting and forfeiting a right of Allah such has performing salah (ritual prayer) nor a right of one of His creatures such as parents and family,
3- that they not have a negative impact on a person carrying out his/her occupational duties, and serving his/her religion and country, nor infringe on his/her work from which he/she earns a livelihood,
4- that playing them does not cause enmity, hostility and hatred between the players,
5- that the playing of these games not be accompanied by behavior that compromises one's honour and integrity such as being offensive and insulting, being abusive, yelling, using inappropriate language,
6- that playing them does not lead one to become addicted to them such that they take up all one's free and spare time.
All of this is referred to in following words of Allah Most High: [O you who believe! Intoxicants and gambling, (dedication of) stones, and (divination by) arrows, are an abomination,- of Satan’s handwork: Leave aside such (abomination), that you may prosper. Satan’s plan is (only) to cast enmity and hatred between you, with intoxicants and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah, and from prayer: will ye not then abstain? (Q5:90-91)]
The Second Category: games for which there exists an authentic Islamic text prohibiting them such as Nard (backgammon/dice), which is a type of game more akin to backgammon. For Nard there exists clear prohibition in the hadith of Abu Musa al-Ash'ari (may Allah be pleased with him) who reported the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) as saying: “Whoever plays with Nard (backgammon/dice) has disobeyed Allah and His Messenger.” (narrated by Malik in the al-Muwatta', Ahmad in the al-Musnad, Ibn Majah in the al-Sunan and al-Hakim in the al-Mustadrak, and the latter renders this hadith authentic according to the conditions and requirements stipulated by al-Bukhari and Muslim, and al-Dhabi agrees with al-Hakim).
This game (nard) and other games like it, if they entail gambling then they are all prohibited according to unanimous scholarly agreement (ijma'). If, on the other hand, they are free from gambling, there is disagreement among the scholars concerning the ruling on playing them, amounting to two positions:
The first position is that it is not permissible to play them (i.e. nard and other similar games) which is the position of the majority of scholars based on the general scope of the prohibition stated in the previously mentioned hadith.
The second position is that they are not prohibited if they are free from gambling, which is the position of a group of scholars from among the Prophet's companions, their successors and those who came after them who interpreted the prohibition concerning these games stated in the previous hadith as meaning these games are deemed unlawful if they are based gambling.
Ibn 'Abd al-Barr states in the al-Tamhid and al-Istidhkar the upshot of which is that the detestability of playing Nard (backgammon) has be reported from 'Uthman ibn 'Affan, ibn Mas'ud, Ibn 'Umar, 'A'ishah, Abu Musa, Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab, al-Qasim ibn Muhammad and another group of Muslim scholars all of whom detested playing Nard (backgammon) (to the degree of unlawfulness) from the angle of gambling.
Shu'bah reports on the authority of 'Abd Rabbihi who said, I heard Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab say when asked about Nard: "if it is not gambling then there is no problem with it".
It has been reported from 'Abdullah ibn Mughaffil, al-Sha'bi' and Ikrimah that they used to play with Nard (backgammon/ dice). This cannot possibly be ascribed to them except if it is construed as not involving gambling.
In issuing a fatwa on this matter we have chosen the view of the proponents of the second position which is that any game of entertainment is not prohibited if it is free from gambling and the rest of the unlawful properties that we have mentioned previously.
Finally, we recommend and advise people to choose games that develop the mind and improve the intellect and to keep away from games which lack in (educational) benefit and value and which rely on mere chance and fortune. In the end, the person endowed with tawfiq (success) and sound judgment in this regard is the one who is able to combine between lawful entertainment and (educational) benefit, and Allah knows best.